Saturday, 27 August 2016

The 'Greats' Between Two Pyramids

It is not contentious that Egypt's Great Pyramid of Giza is far the icon of the ancient world’s mystery in engineering and architecture. But another ancient monument, the Great Pyramid of Cholula, built by  ancient adherents of Aztec temple in Puebla, Mexico has been described as the largest with a base four times larger than Giza's.
The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt.
However, unlike the Egyptian Pyramid at Giza,  the Mexican monument has been hidden by physical distortion that makes it look like a natural mountain. Reason: over the centuries, plants and dirts have covered the pyramid because of the nature of its construction. The Great Pyramid of Cholula was built with blocks made of mud.

In fact, Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés, according to sources was unaware that it was a man made pyramid, when he built a church on top of it. The church still stands till date

 Zaria Gorvert of BBC reports that the pyramid was likely constructed with a type of brick made of out of baked mud, with features of six layers built on top of each, spanning generations.

The statistics:  roughly 33 BC old, base of 450 by 450 metres (1,480 by 1,480 feet), it's four times the size of the Great Pyramid of Giza;  66 metres (217 feet) tall, the pyramid’s total volume is about 4.45 million cubic metres (157 million cubic feet), while the Great Pyramid of Giza’s volume is just 2.5 milli" It was abandoned sometime in the 7th or 8th Century CE," archaeologist David Carballo from Boston University told Gorvett at the BBC.  "The Choluteca had a newer pyramid-temple located nearby, which the Spaniards destroyed." on cubic metres (88.2 million cubic feet).

Statistics for Great Pyramid Giza: It’s over 4,500 years-old, 756 feet long on each side, 450 feet high and is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2 1/2 tons in weight. Despite the builders’ ancient technology, no side is more than 8 inches different in length than the other. Scientists till date are still marveled at the whole structure’s  perfect alignment to the points of the compass.

 Also known as Khufu’s Pyramid, named after its architect, The Great pyramid at Giza is the only ancient monument still intact as it was built over 4, 500 years ago.

   The pyramid is estimated to have around 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 30 tons each and there are even some blocks that weigh over 50 tons.

 The interior temperature is constant and equals the average temperature of the earth, 20 Degrees Celsius (68 Degrees Fahrenheit).

The outer mantle was composed of 144,000 casing stones, all of them highly polished and flat to an accuracy of 1/100th of an inch, about 100 inches thick and weighing approx. 15 tons each.
The cornerstone foundations of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing with heat expansion and earthquakes.

The mortar used is of an unknown origin (Yes, no explanation was given). It has been analyzed, and its chemical composition is known, but it can’t be reproduced. It is stronger than the stone and still holding up today.

It was originally covered with casing stones (made of highly polished limestone). These casing stones reflected the sun’s light and made the pyramid shine like a jewel. They are no longer present being used by Arabs to build mosques after an earthquake in the 14th century loosened many of them. It has been calculated that the original pyramid with its casing stones would act like gigantic mirrors and reflect light so powerful that it would be visible from the moon as a shining star on earth. Appropriately, the ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid “Ikhet”, meaning the “Glorious Light”.  How these blocks were transported and assembled into the pyramid is still a mystery.

Great Pyramid of Cholula, Mexico.
Aligned True North: The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the pyramid was exactly aligned at one time.
Center of Land Mass: The Great Pyramid is located at the center of the land mass of the earth. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.

The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this way.

The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8 sided pyramid; this effect is not visible from the ground or from a distance but only from the air, and then only under the proper lighting conditions. This phenomenon is only detectable from the air at dawn and sunset on the spring and autumn equinoxes, when the sun casts shadows on the pyramid.

The granite coffer in the “King’s Chamber” is too big to fit through the passages and so it must have been put in place during construction.

The coffer was made out of a block of solid granite. This would have required bronze saws 8-9 ft. long set with teeth of sapphires. Hollowing out of the interior would require tubular drills of the same material applied with a tremendous vertical force.
Microscopic analysis of the coffer reveals that it was made with a fixed point drill that used hard jewel bits and a drilling force of 2 tons.

The Great Pyramid had a swivel door entrance at one time. Swivel doors were found in only two other pyramids: Khufu’s father and grandfather, Sneferu and Huni, respectively.

It is reported that when the pyramid was first broken into that the swivel door, weighing some 20 tons, was so well balanced that it could be opened by pushing out from the inside with only minimal force, but when closed, was so perfect a fit that it could scarcely be detected and there was not enough crack or crevice around the edges to gain a grasp from the outside.

With the mantle in place, the Great Pyramid could be seen from the mountains in Israel and probably the moon as well.

The weight of the pyramid is estimated at 5,955,000 tons. Multiplied by 10^8 gives a reasonable estimate of the earth’s mass.
The Descending Passage pointed to the pole star Alpha Draconis, circa 2170-2144 BCE. This was the North Star at that point in time. No other star has aligned with the passage since then.

The southern shaft in the King’s Chamber pointed to the star Al Nitak (Zeta Orionis) in the constellation Orion, circa 2450 BCE The Orion constellation was associated with the Egyptian god Osiris. No other star aligned with this shaft during that time in history.

Sun’s Radius: Twice the perimeter of the bottom of the granite coffer times 10^8 is the sun’s mean radius. [270.45378502 Pyramid Inches* 10^8 = 427,316 miles].

The curvature designed into the faces of the pyramid exactly matches the radius of the earth.
Khufu’s pyramid, known as the great pyramid of Giza, is the oldest and largest, rising at 481 feet (146 meters). Archeologists say it was the tallest structure in the world for about 3, 800 years.

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